Risks of Keeping Your Wisdom Teeth
The third molars, commonly known as the wisdom teeth, are the last adult teeth that erupt into the mouth. They usually emerge between the ages of 17 to 25. Some people have their wisdom teeth emerge perfectly, and line up behind the second molars without any issues.
However, this is not a reality for everybody. The lack of space for the wisdom teeth's growth can cause them to become impacted. Keeping your wisdom teeth, without any monitoring, may cause dental problems in the long run. At Beaverton Oral Surgeons we can help you reduce the risks with wisdom teeth extraction.
Bacterial Infection, Swelling, and Gum Disease
The most common issue caused by an impacted wisdom tooth is pain. The pain around the wisdom tooth area indicates the presence of bacteria that causes infection. This bacteria may spread into the bloodstream throughout the body affecting the organs. This is dangerous for people who have weakened immune systems. If the wisdom tooth emerges only partially, the gums that surround it may become sore and swell. This condition is called pericoronitis. It is more common in the lower teeth than the upper.
Tooth Decay and Damage
Impacted wisdom teeth are more prone to tooth decay than other teeth. This is because the small food particles and bacteria are easily trapped on partially erupted wisdom teeth. This builds up plaque and cavities over time. The positioning of the teeth can make them harder for cleaning. The decay may also spread to neighboring teeth causing more harm. If the wisdom tooth grows incorrectly, it may push the second molar and damage it. This could also lead to teeth misalignment over time if neglected.
Cysts and Jaw Pain
A wisdom tooth develops in a sac within the jawbone. This sac can be filled with fluids and form cysts that may damage the jawbone, nerves, and teeth. These cysts often form when the wisdom tooth does not erupt fully. Though this type of cyst is non-cancerous, if left untreated, the cyst can be harmful. It may turn into a tumor and destroy the bone that surrounds it. An impacted wisdom tooth can also cause pain and damage to the jaw. This would lead to the weakening of your jaw structure and increase the risk of fracture.
In some cases, wisdom teeth can also cause sinus issues. When the upper wisdom teeth start to develop, the roots will push the sinuses in the jaw. This pressure can lead to sinusitis, headaches, and congestion. Not everyone needs to get their wisdom teeth removed. If it grows normally without any problems, then it would be fine to keep them. Though, this would not save you from possible dental issues in the long run.
Keeping your wisdom teeth, especially if they are impacted, can put your oral and overall health at risk. Having them removed early can reduce these risks and save you from more harm. To find out if you are a candidate for wisdom tooth removal, you may visit us at Beaverton Oral Surgeons.